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The melon is in high season in summer and impresses with its great variety. From a botanical point of view, the fruit does not belong to the fruit, but to the pumpkin family and is related to cucumber and zucchini. Valuable ingredients include provitamin A, B vitamins, vitamin C, potassium, calcium, iron, sodium and magnesium.
There are generally two major groups - watermelon and sugar melon.
The watermelon is particularly popular with the Germans. The huge fruits can weigh up to 16 kg, but smaller specimens are usually available in stores. In the meantime, seedless mini watermelons (0.8 - 3 kg) have become more important. The fruits are generally round to oval in shape and have a thick, green skin. The flesh is colored red or yellow and very juicy.
The ripe the fruit, the more intense the color and the lower the white portion under the skin. Due to the high water content of up to 95 percent, the watermelon is extremely low in calories and refreshing. 100 g of ripe pulp provides only 40 kilocalories.
Sugar melon is an umbrella term for over 500 varieties. At 85 to 90 percent, the water content is slightly lower than that of watermelon, while the sugar content is 10 percent. The honeydew melon with honey-sweet flesh and bright yellow skin is in great demand. 100 g of pulp contain about 55 kilocalories. The round gala melon has a fine, mesh-like pattern on the bowl and can weigh up to 3 kg. The whitish-green flesh tastes slightly of apricot. Cantaloupe is a small round melon with a white to yellow, net-like skin. The aromatic pulp is colored orange-yellow. The particularly sweet melon owes its name to the small Italian town of Cantalupo near Rome, where it was planted around 1700. Heike Kreuz, aid