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The risk of fatal heart attacks is greatly increased in diabetes

The risk of fatal heart attacks is greatly increased in diabetes


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Diabetics are particularly at risk from heart attacks
When people have diabetes, their general health also suffers from the disease. This can add other health risks. Researchers have now found that people with diabetes are around 50 percent more likely to die of heart attack.

Scientists from the University of Leeds in the UK have now found that diabetics are about 50 percent more likely to die from a heart attack compared to people without the condition. The doctors published the results of their study in the journal "Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health".

Study examined 700,000 people
The UK researchers' study examined around 700,000 people. Among them were 121,000 subjects with diabetes who were hospitalized between 2003 and 2013 with a heart attack, the experts say. After considering the effects of age, gender, existing medical conditions, and other factors, the researchers found a dramatic difference in survival after a heart attack.

Diabetics die more often from heart attacks
Patients with diabetes have now been found to be up to 56 percent more likely to have a ST elevation infarction (STEMI) or a heart attack (a complete blockage of the coronary artery). Diabetics are 39 percent more likely to die if they have an NSTEMI infarction (the artery is partially blocked) compared to otherwise healthy people, the doctors say.

Diabetes leads to more heart attacks resulting in death
These results provide robust evidence that diabetes is a significant long-term burden on the population. The disease causes more people to have a heart attack and then die from it, says researcher Chris Gale from the University of Leeds. Although more people than ever before survive a heart attack, we still need to focus more on the long-term effects of diabetes on heart attacks, the expert adds.

Specialists will have to work better together in the future
Researchers believe that collaboration between cardiologists and endocrinologists needs to be improved. This is the only way to ensure that patients with an increased risk always receive the best and most effective medication, the scientists explain. Doctors already knew that people who have diabetes are less likely to survive a heart attack. However, it was not clear whether this observation was due to diabetes or whether other conditions increase the risk, the authors explain.

Results lead to new prevention and treatment methods
The results of the new study are the first to show the negative effects of diabetes on survival after a heart attack. The study highlights the need to find new ways to prevent coronary artery disease in people with diabetes, the doctors explain. This could improve the development of new treatments for survival after a heart attack. There have been other studies that have developed a method to predict a heart attack using a simple blood test. (as)

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