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Who is a refugee?

Refugees are people who are forced out of an emergency to give up their home country or their current center of life in order to seek temporary or permanent protection in another region. Frequent reasons that trigger an escape are wars, civil wars, environmental disasters, political persecution, violent conflicts, religious conflicts and extreme poverty without prospects.

Geneva Refugee Convention as legal basis

The 1951 Geneva Refugee Convention is the basis of international refugee law. It describes a refugee as a person who “because of a reasonable fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, belonging to a certain social group or because of their political conviction is outside themselves of the country of which she is a national. ”(vb)

(Photo 1: Jonathan Stutz /

Author and source information

Video: Is the European Union facing a new refugee crisis? Inside Story (May 2022).